- TripAdvisor travelers voted
Picchu a top World destination
Machu Picchu is located at 120 kilometers
(75 miles) North-West of Cusco city, at 2,400
meters (7,900 feet) above sea level. The only
two ways to get there is by train (4 hours)
or hiking (4 days). In fact, there is no road
from Cusco to Machu Picchu, only a railroad
along the narrow Vilcanota canyon.
The weather is tropical with warm and sunny
days, and cool nights. It's very rainy from
December to March, so bring a rain-jacket
or a plastic poncho if you will go on those
Machu Picchu is 900 meters (3,000 feet)
lower than Cusco city, that's why the environment
here is more tropical. The topography is
amazing, the steep mountains covered by
lush vegetation create a cloud-forest that
is the habitat of an interesting wildlife
that includes the Andean bear and the Cock
of the rock, the Peruvian national bird.
There is no doubt why the Inca city and
the surroundings were declared as a national
park to protect the archaeological remains
and the environment.
sceneries at Machu Picchu are
outstanding, the Inca city was
built on top of a hill and it's
surrounded by mountains, some
of them with snow at the top.
At the bottom of the Machu Picchu
mountain flows the Urubamba
river, and the rumbling of its
water can be hear all over.
The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu
is one of the world's archaeological
jewels and the main tourist
destination in Peru. Since it
was found by the North American
explorer Hiram Bingham in 1911,
it has not stopped to surprise
the world. The archeologists
believe it was built in the
second half of the 15th century,
but its function is still a
mystery. Historians and archeologists
agree that the site hosted a
population between 500 and 2000
people, including noblemen,
priests, nuns, guards, servants
and peasants. After the Spanish
conquest of Cusco city, the
Incas fled and abandoned the
citadel and nobody else heard
about it, not even the Spaniards
who never got there.
Picchu is divided in 2 areas,
the urban sector and the agriculture
sector. The second one is a
vast network of terraces and
channels for the irrigation.
The urban sector is divided
in 2 neighborhoods, the upper
and lower. In the upper one
there are many temples, ritual
chambers and also the royal
bedroom. In the lower one there
are many houses for the noblemen
and their servants. Between
both neighborhoods is a big
plaza for ceremonies.
the location, the visitors of
Machu Picchu are impressed by
the construction itself too.
The joins between the stones
in some of the buildings are
so snug that it’s impossible
to insert even the tip of a
needle between them. The most
fascinating stone is the "Intihuatana"
(hitching post of the sun),
which served as an astronomical
calendar; also the stone work
at the Sun temple, the Royal
bedroom and the Royal tomb.
to Machu Picchu:
our tours, Private
include Machu Picchu. You can
choose among taking the train,
hiking the Inca trail or the
Salkantay trek, to reach the
lost Inca city.
trip was amazing, we both had an incredible
time. Our guide was great and a good friend,
he arranged birthday cakes for both of us
which were wonderful surprises. Again, thanks
for a great trip." Mary