facts machu picchu, weather and height
 
facts about Machu Picchu, history and mysteries
machu picchu facts, location and climate

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information on finding of Machu Picchu
Location: Machu Picchu is located at 120 kilometers (75 miles) North-West of Cusco city, at 2,400 meters (7,900 feet) above sea level. The only two ways to get there is by train (4 hours) or hiking (4 days). In fact, there is no road from Cusco to Machu Picchu, only a railroad along the narrow Vilcanota canyon.

Climate: The weather is tropical with warm and sunny days, and cool nights. It's very rainy from December to March, so bring a rain-jacket or a plastic poncho if you will go on those months.

Surroundings: Machu Picchu is 900 meters (3,000 feet) lower than Cusco city, that's why the environment here is more tropical. The topography is amazing, the steep mountains covered by lush vegetation create a cloud-forest that is the habitat of an interesting wildlife that includes the Andean bear and the Cock of the rock, the Peruvian national bird. There is no doubt why the Inca city and the surroundings were declared as a national park to protect the archaeological remains and the environment.

machu picchu pictures and photos

The sceneries at Machu Picchu are outstanding, the Inca city was built on top of a hill and it's surrounded by mountains, some of them with snow at the top. At the bottom of the Machu Picchu mountain flows the Urubamba river, and the rumbling of its water can be hear all over.

History: The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is one of the world's archaeological jewels and the main tourist destination in Peru. Since it was found by the North American explorer Hiram Bingham in 1911, it has not stopped to surprise the world. The archeologists believe it was built in the second half of the 15th century, but its function is still a mystery. Historians and archeologists agree that the site hosted a population between 500 and 2000 people, including noblemen, priests, nuns, guards, servants and peasants. After the Spanish conquest of Cusco city, the Incas fled and abandoned the citadel and nobody else heard about it, not even the Spaniards who never got there.

Machu Picchu is divided in 2 areas, the urban sector and the agriculture sector. The second one is a vast network of terraces and channels for the irrigation. The urban sector is divided in 2 neighborhoods, the upper and lower. In the upper one there are many temples, ritual chambers and also the royal bedroom. In the lower one there are many houses for the noblemen and their servants. Between both neighborhoods is a big plaza for ceremonies.

Beside the location, the visitors of Machu Picchu are impressed by the construction itself too. The joins between the stones in some of the buildings are so snug that it’s impossible to insert even the tip of a needle between them. The most fascinating stone is the "Intihuatana" (hitching post of the sun), which served as an astronomical calendar; also the stone work at the Sun temple, the Royal bedroom and the Royal tomb.

Tours to Machu Picchu: All our tours, Private and Independent, include Machu Picchu. You can choose among taking the train, hiking the Inca trail or the Salkantay trek, to reach the lost Inca city.

 
 
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