Lake Titicaca is located in the high plateau
of Collao in the Southern highlands of Peru.
It's at 3,830 meters (12,560 feet) above
sea level. The lake is divided between Peru
and Bolivia, so you can see Bolivia from
the Peruvian shore.
It's dry and very cold at night (below 0°C
or 32°F), but it's sunny during the
day (13°C or 55°F). The rainy season
is from December to March , and it's common
to hail on those days.
Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake
in the world and the largest in South America.
Its surface area is 8,300 square Km, with
a length of 195 Km (121 miles) and an average
width of 50 Km (31 miles). It's also very
deep with a maximum depth of 285 meters
(940 feet). The temperature of the water
remains between 10°C (50°F) and
12°C (54°F), what is bearable to
swim. In regard to wildlife, there are trout,
king-fish and other native fish in the lake.
Also, it is possible to watch many birds
as ducks, gooses, flamingoes, Andean ibis,
and seagulls. There are also many llamas
in the surroundings.
The lake Titicaca was considered
by the Inca people as the cradle of their
civilization. They believed that their main
god, the Sun, sent his son and daughter
to raise from the waters of the lake Titicaca
with one command, to found a mighty civilization,
the Incas. But before the Incas conquered
these territories, there were many other
civilizations in the area as the Collas,
Lupacas, Uros and Tiahuanacos. Indeed, some
scholars believe that the Incas were descendents
of the Tiahuanacos who fleed to North after
their civilization was occupied by the Aymaras
coming from the South. The lake Titicaca
has been worshiped since the ancient times
because it is a source of life, even nowadays
the people there refer with respect to the
lake as "Mama Cocha" (mother lake).